ه‍.ش. ۱۳۸۹ مرداد ۶, چهارشنبه

Mariyya the Copt

هنرور: بسیار جالب و بسیار هم قابل توجه. مطالعه اش هم از حیث محتوا و هم از حیث نحوه ی رویکرد و نتیجه گیری های سه گانه اش توصیه می گردد، و این البته به معنای صحه نهادن بر پاره ای اشتباهات فاحش تاریخیش که حاصل محدودیت منابع به نظر می رسد، نیست.

Mamacrriyya the Copt: gender, se x and heritage in the legacy of Muhammad's umm walad

Author: Aysha Hidayatullaha
Affiliation: a Department of Theology and Religious Studies, University of San Francisco, USA
DOI: 10.1080/09596410.2010.500475
Publication Frequency: 4 issues per year
Published in: journal Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, Volume 21, Issue 3 July 2010 , pages 221 - 243
Formats available: HTML (English) : PDF (English)

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Abstract

This article concerns the figure of Mamacrriyya al-Qib./CICM_A_500475_O_XML_IMAGES/CICM_A_500475_O_ILM0001.gif iyya, the Coptic slave of the Prophet Muhammad who became his umm walad (the mother of his child). It undertakes close readings of the evolving historical representations of Mamacrriyya as found in a broad range of Muslim biographical, historical and literary texts from medieval to contemporary times. Rather than attempting a unified biography of Mamacrriyya, this work examines representations of her for their disparities, contradictions and wider social implications. The contending portraits of Mamacrriyya presented in the texts examined here serve three primary functions: 1) to uphold the moral purity of the Prophet Muhammad and the members of his household; 2) to instruct readers on the gender characteristics of men and women; and, 3) to advocate interfaith harmony between Muslims and Christians. Rather than conveying a clear and coherent summation of her life, these portraits of Mamacrriyya reveal their authors' attempts throughout the centuries to defend the Prophet's character against Orientalist attacks, to inform readers on the essential gender attributes of the sexes, and to promote modern efforts toward peaceful Muslim-Christian relations.

Keywords: Mamacrriyya al-Qib#7789iyya; Mamacrriyya the Copt; wives of Muhammad; umm walad; milk al-yamīn

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